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Forex Trading Basics Reddit - Forex Glossary Terms For Beginners

Forex Trading Basics Reddit - Forex Glossary Terms For Beginners

What is Forex - Terminology

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The FOREX market is the largest financial market in the world. On a daily basis, trillions of dollars are traded in different currencies around the world.
Being FOREX the basis for international capital transactions, its liquidity and volume are much greater than any other financial market. It is estimated that the average volume traded by the world's largest stock exchange, the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) in a full month, is equal to the volume traded daily in the Forex currency market. In addition, it is estimated that this volume will increase by 25% annually.
80% of transactions are between the US dollar (USD), the euro (EUR), the yen (JPY), the British pound (GBP), the Swiss franc (CHF), and the Australian dollars (AUD) and Canadian (CAD).

What is traded in the Forex market?

We could just say that money. Trading in FOREX simultaneously involves buying one currency (for example euros) and selling another (for example US dollars). These simultaneous purchase and sale operations are carried out through online brokers. Operations are specified in pairs; for example the euro and the dollar (EUR / USD) or the pound sterling and the Yen (GBP / JPY).
These types of transactions can be somewhat confusing at first since nothing is being purchased physically. Basically, each currency is tied to the economy of its respective country and its value is a direct reflection of people's perception of that economy. For example, if there is a perception that the economy in Japan is going to weaken, the Yen is likely to be devalued against other currencies. In other words, people are going to sell Yen and they are going to buy currencies from countries where the economy is or will be better than Japan.
In general, the exchange of one currency for another reflects the condition of the health of the economy of that country with respect to the health of the economy of other countries.
Unlike other financial markets such as the stock market, the currency market does not have a fixed location like the largest exchanges in the world. These types of markets are known as OTC (Over The Counter). Transactions take place independently around the world, mainly over the Internet, and prices can vary from place to place.
Due to its decentralized nature, the foreign exchange market is operated 24 hours a day from Monday to Friday.
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Forex Trading Basics - Basic Forex Terminology

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As with any new skill that is learned, it is also necessary to learn its terminology. There are certain terms that you must know before you start trading Forex. Here are the main ones.

• Major and minor currencies

The 8 most widely used currencies (USD, EUR, JPY, GBP, CHF, CAD, NZD, and AUD) are known as “ major currencies ”. All other currencies are called " minor currencies ." You don't need to worry about minor currencies, as you probably won't start trading them for now. The USD, EUR, JPY, GBP, and CHF currencies are the most popular and most liquid currencies on the market.

• Base currency

The base currency is the first currency in any currency pair. It shows how much the base currency is worth against the second currency. For example, if the USD / CHF has a rate of 1.6350, it means that 1 USD is worth 1.6350 CHF. In the forex market, the US dollar is in many cases the base currency to make quotes, the quotes are expressed in units of $ 1 on the other currency of the pair.
In some other pairs, the base currency is the British pound, the euro, the Australian dollar, or the New Zealand dollar.

• Quoted currency

The quote currency is the second currency in the currency pair. This is often referred to as a "pip-currency" and any unrealized gains or losses are expressed in this currency.

• Pip

A pip is the smallest unit of the price of any currency. Almost all currencies consist of 5 significant digits and most pairs have the decimal point immediately after the first digit. For example EUR / USD = 1.2538, in this case, a pip is the smallest change in the fourth decimal space, which is, 0.0001.
A notable exception is the USD / JPY pair where the pip equals $ 0.01.

• Purchase price (bid)

The buying price (bid) is the price at which the market is ready to buy a specific currency in the Forex market. At this price, one can sell the base currency. The purchase price is displayed on the left side.
For example, in GBP / USD = 1.88112 / 15, the selling price is 1.8812. This means that you can sell a GPB for $ 1.8812.

• Sale Price (ask)

The asking price is the price at which the market is ready to sell a specific currency pair in the Forex market. At this price, you can buy the base currency. The sale price is displayed on the right-hand side.
For example, at EUR / USD = 1.2812 / 15, the selling price here is 1.2815. This means that you can buy one euro for $ 1.2815. The selling price is also called the bid price.

• Spread

All Forex quotes include two prices, the bid (offer) and the ask (demand).
The bid is the price at which the broker is willing to buy the base currency in exchange for the quoted currency. This means that the bid is the price at which you can sell.
The ask is the price at which the broker is willing to sell the base currency in exchange for the quoted currency. This means that the ask is the price at which you will buy. The difference between the bid and the ask is popularly known as the spread and is the consideration that the online broker receives for its services.

• Transaction costs

The transaction cost, which could be said to be the same as the Spread, is calculated as: Transaction Cost = Ask - Bid. It is the number of pips that are paid when opening a position. The final amount also depends on the size of the operation.
It is important to note that depending on the broker and the volatility, the difference between the ask and the bid can increase, making it more expensive to open a trade. This generally happens when there is a lot of volatility and little liquidity, as happens during the announcement of some relevant economic data.

• Cross currency

A cross-currency is any pair where one of the currencies is the US dollar (USD). These pairs show an erratic price behavior when the operator opens two operations in US dollars. For example, opening a long trade to buy EUR / GPB is equivalent to buying EUR / USD and selling GPB / USD. Cross-currency pairs generally carry a higher transaction cost.

• Margin

When you open a new account margin with a Forex broker, you must deposit a minimum amount of money to your broker. This minimum varies depending on each broker and can be as low as € / $ 100 at higher amounts.
Each time a new trade is executed a percentage of your account margin balance will be the initial margin required for a new trade based on the underlying currency pair, current price, and the number of units (or lots) of the trade. .
For example, let's say you open a mini account which gives you a leverage of 1: 200 or a margin of 0.5%. Mini accounts work with mini lots. Suppose a mini lot equals $ 10,000. If you are about to open a mini lot, instead of having to invest $ 10,000, you will only need $ 50 ($ 10,000 x 0.5% = $ 50).

• Leverage

Leverage is the ratio of the capital used in a transaction to the required deposit. It is the ability to control large amounts of dollars with relatively less capital. Leverage varies drastically depending on the broker, it can go from 1: 2 to even 1: 2000. The most common level of leverage in Forex can currently be around 1: 200.

• Margin + leverage = dangerous combination

Trading currencies on margin allows you to increase your buying power. This means that if you have $ 5,000 in account margin that allows you a 1: 100 leverage, you can then buy $ 500,000 in foreign exchange as you only have to invest a percentage of the purchase price. Another way of saying this is that you have $ 500,000 in purchasing power.
With more purchasing power you can greatly increase your potential profits without an outlay of cash. But be careful, working with a high margin increases your profits but also your losses if the trade does not progress in your favor.
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submitted by kayakero to makemoneyforexreddit [link] [comments]

Two important dates

Normally, I would not post this as we should all be adults and know how to use a forex calendar and read the news. However, a rash of posts both here and abroad on the net that essentially are asking how to get megapips off of the Brexit vote have me concerned, so here we are. Also, people seem to be overlooking the big elephant in the room, the June FOMC.
Short version:
WED JUNE 15 1400 EST FOMC STATEMENT Whether you like it or not, the USD touches everything you do, like those bad decisions you made in University.
THURSDAY JUNE 23 UK BREXIT VOTE This really could be underwhelming.... or it could be horrific.
If you are a n00b, stop trying to get rich off of the Brexit vote. You need to concentrate on successful, positive trades, not big wins. Go gamble if you want that rush. The Brexit vote is one of those events that can cause such precipitous damage to accounts that Brokers are limiting retail leverage and raising margin rates: (from Oanda)
Dear Huachi
During events such as the upcoming Brexit referendum, market movements can be significant leading to the potential for large profits, but also large losses. To help ensure our customers are more insulated from such movements, we will be temporarily lowering the maximum leverage available on GBP pairs to 20:1 after the market close on June 17, 2016. The affected pairs will return to prior leverage levels after the market close on June 24, 2016.
As a result of this change, you may need to close trades or add funds to your account or risk a possible margin closeout if you currently have an open GBP positions with higher levels of leverage and do not have enough funds in your account to cover the increased margin requirements. To determine the impact this change may have to your margin, you can use OANDA’s margin calculator.
Margin rates on pairs not containing GBP will not be affected.
If you have any questions, you can contact our Client Experience Team whenever markets are open.
Regards, The OANDA Team
And FOMC? The June FOMC is not just any FOMC, it will really be a bellwether for 2016 for the Fed's direction with interest rates until election and Christmas. Will they stick to their word and raise rates? Or change course and have a flat rate, showing their weak hand? There are estimates in both directions (some showing preciptious cliffs, some showing seismic movements back and forth), but again, unless you are confident in your analysis, market intel, and skill set, pay attention because the June FOMC has a potential for a radical whipsaw.
I'll take this down in a few days, it is not a soapbox, but there is some real shit in the market right now that has capacity to wipe out accounts. Noobs watch out, you pros too!
~Huachi
submitted by El_Huachinango to Forex [link] [comments]

How to calculate the margin and pip value of CFDs (such as Stock Index), specially, Oanda CFD?

Hi all,
To extend my vision, I start studying CFDs, such as Stock Index, Oil, Commodity, etc. Unlike Forex, I don't understand how margin and pip value is calculated for Stock Index and other CFDs.
I tested with Oanda CFD, seems the margin for 1 unit UK 100 is about $10000, and 1 unit Brent Crude Oil is about $50. Seems the margin for BCO is just the price of the oil, but how about the Stock Index, what's the price?
Thanks
EDIT: the margin I talked above is the total money required, not leveraged. And the leverage provided by Oanda is 50. So the leveraged margin for 1 unit BCO is only $1.
EDIT2: Though on Oanda forum nobody answered my question about what the multipliers are, eventually I realized for fxTrade the multipliers are just 1, but different conttacts are quoted in different currency. FTSE is quoted in GBP, so 1 contract value is 7000 GBP, which is about 10000 USD, which is exactly how I observed. And the pip value is always 1 quote currentcy. For FTSE, the pip value is 1 GBP, which is about 1.5 USD.
submitted by wqking to Forex [link] [comments]

Margin Calculation Forex FOREX JOURNEY- RISK MANAGEMENT! Forex Leverage, Margin Requirements & Trade Size - YouTube Mini Bite: Margin Call Calculation - YouTube Equity Margin Calculator  HINDI - YouTube Forex Calculator - pip value, margin & position sizing Margin Call Calculation

The Forex Margin Calculator by FinanceBrokerage is determined to guide you through the most vital concepts of forex: forex margin and marginal trade. Margin is an insurance that you must maintain on your account for opening positions. The Margin Calculator works out exactly how much margin do you need in order to open a particular position. Since forex trade carries a high level of risk, you ... The Margin Calculator will help you calculate easily the required margin for your position, based on your account currency, the currency pair you wish to trade, your leverage and trade size. Forex Margin Call: Margin call is a call from your forex broker when your account balance goes below the maintenance margin. Forex Margin Ratio: Forex Trading: Margin ratio is used for expressing the forex leverage in a ratio format. Forex Margin Used: Margin used indicates the amount you have actually used in a Forex trade, excluding any leverage. Trading Forex on Margin With the Assistance of a Calculator To get started trading the Forex market on margin, you must first sign-up and be in good standing with your Forex platform of choice. Once you find your preferred trading broker, go ahead and set up a margin account with them. Use our pip and margin calculator to aid with your decision-making while trading forex. Maximum leverage and available trade size varies by product. If you see a tool tip next to the leverage data, it is showing the max leverage for that product. Please contact client services for more information. Forex trading on margin accounts is the most common form of retail forex trading. This article explains what ‘margin’ is, shows a margin calculator or ‘formula’ and how to use this free margin safely. Understanding margin requirements, and how leverage levels affect it, is a key part of trading forex successfully. Use this handy Forex margin calculator to know exactly the percentage of funds required to open a trading position based on the available leverage offered by your broker. Our tools and calculators are designed and built to help the trading community to better understand the particulars that can affect their account balance and their overall trading. Regardless if investors trade the Forex ...

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Margin Calculation Forex

If playback doesn't begin shortly, try restarting your device. You're signed out. Videos you watch may be added to the TV's watch history and influence TV recommendations. To avoid this, cancel ... Link below for pip margin calculator https://www.forex.com/en-us/support/margin-pip-calculator/ Twitter ~ https://twitter.com/NickoSysa You'll see the position size, pip value and margin calculators in action. It also has a trade simulator and support for multiple base currencies plus much more. I created this video with the YouTube Slideshow Creator and content image about Margin Call Calculation, margin call ,initial margin ,margin trading ,margin ... In this 5-minute video, Mike explains how to calculate margin call amounts. Margin calculations are a key topic tested on many financial industry exams such ... I created this video with the YouTube Slideshow Creator and content image about margin calculation forex, margin trading ,forex calculator ,forex leverage ,f... How to calculate viable trade sizes based on the Leverage traded with and the account size

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